Dyslexia is so complex, that it is hard to define (which can make it a controversial issue).
- It is a specific learning difference/difficulty
- Has a neurological basis independent of socio-economic status, intellect or language background.
- It has a genetic component, is likely to be present at birth and is persistent.
- It is a combination of abilities and difficulties that affect the learning process.
- It is a continuum, not a distinct category with no clear, cut off points. It therefore varies for each individual.
- It results in unexpected difficulties in the acquisition of certain literacy and (sometimes) numeracy skills.
- it has an incidence of approximately 1:10
- It tends to be resistant to conventional teaching methods.
- its effect can be mitigated by appropriate specific intervention.